(This is part two of the Exodus Sermon Series. The Sermon audio for the series is here.)
Today, we move in our series on Exodus to a well known section, the appearance of God to Moses in a burning bush.
Exodus opens with the birth of Moses, and the stories of his early life are full of promise, perhaps even destiny. His mother defies her oppressors in the act of saving his life. She claims the opportunity to raise as her own, but shrewdly creates the opportunity for him to live and learn as part of the Egyptian aristocracy. Early on he rejects the safety of his social situation to identify with his oppressed people. He interjects himself to fight injustice against them and between them, but is forced to flee when his own people reject his authority and reveal his vigilante actions.
As our story this week opens, Moses has been living in Midian as a fugitive from a crime committed forty years ago in Egypt. He’s started a new family, gotten a new job, a new life. He still lives in a measure of fear, fear that his past will catch up with him. Instead, in this story, Moses is forced not to confront his past, but his future.
Here, at the burning bush, God beckons Moses to join him in an outlandish mission. God shares his own mind with Moses, the Lord reveals his plans and vision of the future, and even his very name.
It is profound that God’s identity is revealed in this story of calling. It is in the context of this story, where God calls Moses to join him in plan of redemption and deliverance, that the Lord reveals his personal name. It is when God acts that we discover what he is to be called, who he is. This is a story about identity.
But it’s not just the Lord whose identity is revealed in this story. This is the definitive story in the life of Moses, the moment in which his identity must forever be determined. It is the most important question he will ever face: how will he respond to the call of God? From this moment on, his life will not be defined by the promise of his early life, his status as a fugitive or failed advocate for justice. His role as a shepherd or even his identity as son, husband, or father will ultimately take a backseat to what is decided this day, this confrontation with a God who demands his future. Whether or not he obeys God’s call will determine Moses’ identity forever. Much depends on this encounter.
In chapter 3, God reveals to Moses what God is going to do. The conversation between Moses and God begins with God making this announcement (Ex. 3:7-8):
“I have surely seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters. I know their sufferings, and I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up out of that land to a good and broad land, a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Caananites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites.”
God reveals to Moses what God is going to. There is no doubt who is taking action here. The Exodus will be God-powered. The exodus is not to be an act of Moses’ strength or will, but God’s. God declares, “I have come down to deliver them.” Of course, it must be this way. Who else but God could stand against Pharaoh? Who else but God could command the powers that are to definitively defeat the armies of Egypt? Moses had already tried his own at bringing justice, years ago, and failed.
Perhaps it is for this very reason that it is so surprising that God immediately follows his declaration that “I have come down” with the stunning bid to Moses in verse 10, “Come, I will send you to Pharaoh that you may bring my people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.” The God-powered Exodus depends on Moses.
It is a demonstration of Gods power, but God freely chooses to invite Moses to participate. God makes Moses what he could not become on his own, a deliverer, a force of justice and redemption. The Lord chooses to act through Moses. It’s an incredible affirmation, but not an unusual one. Lord chooses to act through Moses, just like later he will choose to act through Joshua, Gideon, David, Saul, Elijah, Peter, James, Paul, Epaphras and Timothy. Just like he chooses to act through you and me.
“But, wait a minute,” you say. “Isn’t that stretching things a bit? After all, this is Moses we’re talking about here. Don’t you think the call of Moses is a different deal, an exceptional occasion? Perhaps, but you have to realize:
The call of Moses is not the call of Moses.
Confused? Fair enough. But think about it: is it just Moses that is called here to participate in God’s plans? Aaron, too, but that’s the easy one. After all, he’s the one God tells Moses to take with him when he makes his demands to Pharaoh. But is he the only one?
What about in the elders of Israel? Here at the burning bush, in 3:18, notice that Moses isn’t going straight to Pharaoh, but to these elders, and then they’re all going to go together to meet with Pharaoh. What about Joshua, who becomes Moses’ assistant and successor? What about Hur, who along with Aaron holds up Moses’ hands while Joshua fights the Amalekites in Chapter 17? What about those are selected as judges over the people in Chapter 18? What about Bezalel or Oholiab, who end up being in charge of the craftsmanship of the tabernacle, or the Levites who are charged with taking care of it? What about the scores of men and women who contribute to building the Tabernacle, or the entire nation that gave generously for the project?
Moses is just the first domino. He’s the one God speaks to first, but the call of Moses is not just the call of Moses.
The call of Moses is the call of all Israel.
And so it often is with us. Somebody begins to hear and act on the word of God, begins to respond to their calling, and sometimes it turns out that others join in and discover their own calling there as well.
[The following is very congregation-specific.
As part of encouraging that process, we want to have a forum to have some of those conversations, so on
July 18 we’re going to have an event called “Outreach Sunday”. The whole idea behind it is the recognition that Your calling may not be just for you.
Here’s how it’s going to work. After class on that Sunday, we’re going to gather for a potluck in the gym. Around the gym, we’re going to set up some booths, tables where people can share in some of the ways they’ve become involved in outreach ministries, and perhaps share some opportunities for you to come alongside and join them in that effort. I’m very excited about the possibilities of what can happen when we dedicate this time to listening to the ways God has already started to move us into action here at Cedar Lane.
Here’s what we need to pull this thing off:
We need people willing to share their calling and their food.
We need people willing to pay attention.
Paying attention is really critical to this event, and truthfully, it’s critical to our episode with Moses as well. ]
In the version of this story that is in most of our heads, I think this whole thing starts when God’s booming voice calls out, “Moses, Moses”. However, notice how particular the text is in how the story actually unfolds in 3:2-4.
“And the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush. He looked, and behold, the bush was burning, yet it was not consumed. And Moses said, “I will turn aside to see this great sight, why the bush is not burned.” When the Lord saw that he turned aside to see, God called to him out of the bush, “Moses, Moses!” And he said, “Here am I.”
Often I wonder, what would have happen if Moses had just turned the other way. I wonder if this was the first time it had been there, or if maybe the bush had been in these familiar grazing grounds for a long time, but this was the time Moses finally got up the courage to check in out. Doesn’t it seem like the Lord waits for him to investigate t before speaking to him in a clear voice?
But what if Moses had just said, “Whoa, that’s scary!” and hurried back home, or “This bush makes me feel uncomfortable.” What if Moses said, “I’m not comfortable with the difference between this bush’s culture and mine?” Okay, that last one’s unlikely — for Moses.
But for us, I think we come up with all kinds of reasons to turn away from burning bushes, those places where if we stopped and looked for a moment, we would easily hear the voice of God calling us to serve. The truth is, our world, our community, is full of burning bushes, waiting to be recognized. But we have to learn to pay attention to burning bushes.
This sermon started with the concept of Identity. This is a story that reveals god to be an acting God, a calling God. It is the episode that brings Moses into the action, forever shaping his identity. It can do the same to us, if we listen.